Auteur Topic: Gluten aangetroffen in 10 % glutenvrije producten in India  (gelezen 388 keer)

tine

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Gluten aangetroffen in 10 % glutenvrije producten in India
« Gepost op: januari 19, 2021, 15:44:30 »
Glutenvrij eten is in India haast niet te doen. Met of zonder glutenvrij logo, veel dieetproducten zijn besmet met gluten boven de norm van maximaal 20 ppm (die ook in Europa geldt, dat is maximaal 20 mg gluten per kilo). Onderzoekers kochten meelproducten, peulvruchten en kruiden bij producenten en online, en maten het glutengehalte. In ruim 10% van de gevallen zat er gluten in. Het gaat om bakkerijproducten, meel, pasta, snacks, peulvruchten en kruiden.


Eur J Clin Nutr. 2021 Jan 18. doi: 10.1038/s41430-020-00854-6. Online ahead of print.
Gluten content in labeled and unlabeled gluten-free food products used by patients with celiac disease
Wajiha Mehtab 1 2, Vikas Sachdev 1, Alka Singh 1, Samagra Agarwal 1, Namrata Singh 1, Rohan Malik 3, Anita Malhotra 4, Vineet Ahuja 1, Govind Makharia 5

PMID: 33462461 DOI: 10.1038/s41430-020-00854-6

Objective: Gluten-free (GF) diet is the only reliable treatment for patients with celiac disease (CeD), but data on the extent of gluten contamination in GF food available in India is scanty. We evaluated gluten content in labeled, imported, and non-labeled GF food products currently available in the Indian market.

Methods: Overall, 794 processed and commercially available packaged GF products (labeled GF (n = 360), imported GF (n = 80), and non-labeled/naturally GF (n = 354)) were collected from supermarkets of National Capital Region of India. Those unavailable in stores were purchased from e-commerce sites or directly from the manufacturers. Gluten level in them was determined by Ridascreen Gliadin sandwich R5 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (R-Biopharm AG, Germany). As per Codex Alimentarius and Food Safety and Standard Authority of India, "gluten free" labeled products must not contain > 20 mg/kg of gluten.

Results: Overall, 10.1% of 794 GF products including 38 (10.8%) of 360 labeled and 42 (11.8%) of 354 non-labeled/naturally GF food products had gluten content > 20 mg/kg (range: 24.43-355 and 23.2-463.8 mg/kg, respectively). None of the imported GF products had gluten more than the recommended limits. Contaminated products most commonly belonged to cereal and their products (flours, coarse grains, pasta/macaroni, snack foods) pulse flours, spices, and bakery items.

Conclusions: A substantial proportion (10.1%) of GF food products (both labeled and non-labeled) available in India have gluten content greater than the prescribed limits of <20 mg/kg. Physicians, dietitians, support group, and patients with CeD should be made aware of this fact and regulatory bodies should ensure quality assurance.
Mijn zoon (21) en ik eten allebei glutenvrij. Wij zijn extreem gevoelig voor sporen van gluten (via besmetting, tarwe-derivaten en hulpstoffen). Ik ben wetenschapsredacteur voor het Glutenvrij Magazine van de NCV.